历史沿革

澳门金沙注册通道:PhototakenonMarch27,2017showsBurialEnsembleofDouWan,includingjadewithgoldwire,pillowofgiltbronzeandjade,andjadeorificeplugsduringamediapreviewoftheExhibitionofCivilizationoftheQinandHanDynasties(221B.C.-220A.D.)inTheMetropolitanMuseumofArt,NewYork,theUnitedStates.[Photo/Xinhua]TheMetropolitanMuseumofArtinNewYorkwillsoonunveilamajorloanexhibitionofancientChineseartneverbeforeseenintheWest.Thecollection-AgeofEmpires:ChineseArtoftheQinandHanDynasties(221BC-AD220)-willfeature164objectsfrom32museumsandarchaeologicalinstitutionsinChina,withtheexhibit'sfocusontheQinandHandynasties.Thefocuswillbeonthetwodynasties'significanceinestablishingChineseart,cultureandpoliticsintheirtime."IfyouwanttoknowaboutthepresentandfutureofChina,itisnecessaryforyoutoknowaboutthepastandhistoryofChina,"saidWangJun,directorofArtExhibitionsChina,aninstitutionthatispartoftheStateAdministrationofCulturalHeritageofChina."TheQinandHandynastiesofChinaarethemostimportantdynastiesinChinesehistory.TheintellectualandpoliticalsystemsthatwereestablishedduringtheQinandHandynastieshaveextendedinfluenceoverChinaformorethan2,000years,"hesaidonMondayatapresspreviewoftheexhibit.Theexhibit,whichtookfiveyearstoputtogether,wassponsoredbyChinaMerchantsBank,makingitthefirsttimeaChinesecorporationhassponsoredaMetmuseumexhibition."Tohavetheseancientartifactsondisplayenmasseisagreat,majorhighlightforSino-USculturalexchange,"saidJiaoChengyue,generalmanagerofChinaMerchantsBank'sbranchinNewYork.Wang,whoseinstitutioncoordinatesandsponsorstheexportandexchangeofChineseculturalrelicsoverseas,calledAgeofEmpiresoneofthemostimportantculturalrelicsexhibitionsinChina-USculturalexchange.MaxwellHearn,chairmanoftheMet'sDepartmentofAsianArt,saidthattheexhibitcomesatacrucialtimewhenunderstandingChinais"becomingmoreandmoreimportant"."IbelievethatAmericanaudiencesunderstandthatAsiarepresentsasignificantandgrowingpartoftheirfuture,sotheabilitytounderstandtherootsofAsiancultureareterriblyimportant,andtheHanDynastyrepresentsthestartingpointofmodernChina,"hesaid."ItisthesamekindofidentitythattheRomanEmpiregavetotheWest,bothinarchitecture,theruleoflaw,"headded.JasonSun,curatorofChineseartattheMet'sDepartmentofAsianArt,saidthattheHanEmpirerepresentsthe"classical"eraofChinesecivilization,"coincidinginimportanceandintimewithGreco-RomancivilizationintheWest"."LiketheRomanEmpire,theHanstatebroughttogetherpeopleofdiversebackgroundsunderacentralizedgovernmentthatfosteredanew'Chinese'identity.Eventoday,mostChineserefertothemselvesasthe'Hanpeople'-thesinglelargestethnicgroupintheworld,"hesaid.Theexhibit,whichwillbeondisplayfromApril3toJuly16,comprisesthreesections-oneonQinDynastyartthatwasexcavatedfromthemausoleumofthefirstQinemperor,whichunearthedanarmyof7,000TerracottaWarriors,andtwoonHanDynastyrelicsthatincludeaburialsuitofaHanprincessmadeofmorethan2,000pieces,anditemsthatillustratetherobustleveloftradebetweenChinaandtherestofAsiaandEuropeatthetime.Sunsaidthattheworkscoverthewholespectrumorart:gold,silver,bronzes,ceramics,paintings,calligraphyandarchitecturalmodels."ManyofthesespectacularworkshaveneverbeenseenintheWest,offeringvisitorsaonce-in-a-lifetimeopportunitytoseeafreshappraisaloftheclassicaleraofChinesecivilization,"saidThomasCampbell,directorofthemuseum."Indeed,inthelastdecades,citingnewarchaeologicaldiscoveriesthathavebeentiedtotheQinandHandynastieshaveredefinedourunderstandingoftheformativeyearsofthecountryweknowtodayasChina,"hesaid.


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